2. Mulay K, Ali MJ, Reddy VA, et al. Orbital plasmablastic lymphoma: a clinic pathological correlation of a rare disease & review of literature. Clin Ophthalmol. 2012;6:2049-2057.
3. Eckardt AM, Lemound J, Rana M, Gellrich N-C. Orbital lymphoma: Diagnostic approach and treatment outcome. World J Surg Oncol. 2013;11:73.
4. Corti M, Minué G, Campitelli A, et al. An aggressive plasmablastic lymphoma of the oral cavity as primary manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: case report and literature review. Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2015;19:354-358.
5. Valenzuela AA, Walker NJ, Sullivan TJ, et al. Plasmablastic lymphoma in the orbit – case report. Orbit. 2008;27:227-229.
6. Barkhuysen R, Merkx MA, Weijs WL, et al. Plasmablastic lymphoma mimicking orbital cellulitis. Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;12:125.
7. Watkins LM, Carter KD, Nerad JA. Ocular adnexal lymphoma of the extraocular muscles: case series from the University of Iowa and review of the literature. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011;27:471-476.
8. Castillo JJ, Bibas M, Miranda RN. The biology and treatment of plasmablastic lymphoma. Blood. 2015;125(15):2323-2330.
9. Veqa F, Chanq CC, Medeiros LJ, et al. Plasmablastic lymphomas and plasmablastic plasma cell myelomas have nearly identical immunophenotypic profiles. Mod Pathol. 2005;18:873.
- Abstract viewed - 170 times
- 357 PDF downloaded - 81 times
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
© Mridula Jacob, Vijaya Pai H., 2019
Department of Ophthalmology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal
Vijaya Pai H.
Department of Ophthalmology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, India
How to Cite
Extraocular muscle enlargement: rare presentation of plasmablastic lymphoma
Vol 16 No 4 (2019): Asian Journal of Opthalmology
Submitted: Jan 19, 2017
Published: Nov 23, 2019
Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a very rare and highly aggressive variant of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It is usually seen in the oral cavity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-affected individuals. Very few cases of PBL are reported in the orbit till date. Morphologically and immunologically, it can mimic plasma cell myeloma. It is highly fatal and poses diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to the treating clinician. This scenario makes reporting of such rare tumors more relevant. We report a rare case of PBL of the orbit in a 49-year-old HIV-positive lady who presented with acute onset of painful proptosis and loss of vision in her left eye.